Volume 18 (2021)
Volume 17 (2020)
Volume 16 (2019)
Volume 15 (2018)
Volume 14 (2018)
Volume 13 (2017)
Volume 12 (2016)
Volume 11 (2015)
Volume 10 (2015)
Volume 7 (2014)
Volume 6 (2013)
Volume 5 (2012)
Volume 4 (2012)
Volume 3 (2010)
Volume 2 (2009)
Volume 1 (2008)

Critical Language and Literary Studies, CLLS, is funded by Shahid Beheshti University, Research Council. The Journal fully endorses and adheres to Creative Commons (CC) and Open Access (OA) regulations in accommodating a free circulation of knowledge. Under CC and OA terms, authors and readers are free to copy, distribute, share, remix and transform material in so far as they give accurate and proper credit to the original author of the manuscript and its place of publication. Articles can be downloaded freely by readers, yet they can't be used for commercial purposes. A non-commercial usage of or reference to articles published by CLLS requires no permission.

CLLS neither tolerates nor accepts any form of academic or commercial advertisement or marketing.

Journal Short Name: CLLS
First issue: 2008
Publication frequency /date: biannual (June and December)
Articles per issue: 12
APC: 4000000 Iranian Rial (after final acceptance of the article 16 USD - confirmation date July 2021)
Review: Double-blind Peer-review
Review duration: 4-6 months
Open Access: Yes
License: Creative Commons, BY-NC
Archiving: Internal Archival structure (SBU), DOAJ
Original Article
A Content Analysis of the Grammar of Iranian Junior High School ELT Textbooks (Prospect) Based on Pedagogical Grammar Approach

Mohammadhossein Khani; ٔNegar Davari Ardakani; Fatemeh Bahrami

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 13-43


  Introduction: Textbooks are the basis of school education and the main sources of information for teachers and students. Many researchers emphasize on the fact that textbooks have a lot of problems and shortcomings in terms of social, cultural, educational and linguistic aspects. Grammar teaching is ...  Read More

Original Article
Chaos and Butterfly Effect in Game of Thrones by George Raymond Richard Martin

Atieh Momenzadeh; Bahman Zarrinjooee

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 45-65


  Game of Thrones is the first book of Song of Ice and Fire series by American author George Raymond Richard Martin; a fictional-epic story set in the realm of Westeros. The main line of story is the struggle and war to reach the Iron Throne, during which several other stories are born. What distinguishes ...  Read More

Original Article
Simulation and Modulation: Emotional Narrative in Louise Erdrich’s The Round House

Ladan Mokhtarzadeh; Zahara Jannessari Ladani; Negar Sharif

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 67-91


  Introduction: The present study examines Louise Erdrich's novel The Round House in the light of Patrick Colm Hogan’s affect notions of narrative concerning the emotional experiences of the subjects. This paper attempts to trace the concepts of affect, emotional narrative, eliciting conditions, ...  Read More

Original Article
Criticism of functional equivalent and formal equivalent in Bobzin's Quranic translation Along with the comparison of the translation of "Surah Qadr" with the translation of Rückert and Rudi Paret

Fatemeh Khodakarami

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 93-119


  With the beginning of the 20th century and the continuation of the scientific and investigative attitude in the field of Islamology in the 18th and 19th centuries, orientalists and Islamologists started scientific and practical translation of the Qur'an. The translation by Hartmut Bobezin, a German orientalist ...  Read More

Original Article
Reconstruction of Subjectivity: Spatial Reproduction and Geo-Mental Narrative in Inaam Kachachi’s The American Granddaughter

Mahshid Namjoo; Leila Baradaran Jamili

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 121-143


  Introduction: This research aims to investigate the effects of geography in the reconstruction of subjectivity and also shows that there is a mutual relationship between spatiality and subjectivity. The theoretical framework is mainly based on Henri Lefebvre’s theories of space which represent ...  Read More

Original Article
The role of different foreign language teaching methods on the level of language anxiety and the effectiveness of anxiety control empowerment courses on the evolution of language learners' learning patterns

Leila Shobeiry

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 145-174


  Introduction: In the present study, we investigated how the type of teaching method can affect the level of language anxiety of foreign language students. The purpose of this research is to find the answer to the basic question of how to use the best teaching method in the language class by controlling ...  Read More

Original Article
One should Tell the Unvarnished Truth: Meta-historical Romance in Wrinkle’s Wash

Zahra Taheri

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 175-197


  Introduction: despite the popularity of realistic historical novel in the nineteenth century, especially in works by Sir Walter Scott, as the prime genre for the representation of bourgeois class and its value system, it is the postmodern version which has surpassed its ancestor and put this literary ...  Read More

Original Article
Analysis of Genitive and Attributive Collocations in Russian and Persian Languages in Order to Determine the Necessity of Teaching them

Mohsen Shojaee; Bahram Mehrabian

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 199-226


  IntroductionIn the paper collocations are introduced and their significance in teaching foreign languages is discussed. During the last decades there has been a growing attention to word combination and its significance in teaching foreign languages. Word combinations, of course, include free word combinations, ...  Read More

Original Article
Violence and Laughter in Selected Comedies of William Shakespeare

Hossein Mohseni

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 227-248


  IntroductionIn order to insist upon discursive reconfiguration of violence in Shakespeare’s comedies, critics bring examples of civic and political violence, and matrimonial/domestic and erotic manipulations in plays’ real and fantastic worlds. In plays such as The Merchant of Venice, The ...  Read More

Original Article
An Analysis of The House of the Spirits by Isabel Allende as a Historiographic Metafiction

abdolbaghi rezaei talarposhti; Behzad Pourgharib; Ahmad Reza Rahimi

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 249-274


  Historiographic metafiction, as one of the postmodern writing styles, reminds the readers of its being fictional as it does not claim of any representation of reality and thus it challenges the historical truth. In fact it presents history in a slightly different manner than how it actually happened ...  Read More

Original Article
Existential Anxiety and the Divided Self in Margaret Atwood’s Selected Short Stories

Afsaneh Heidari

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 275-293


  Introduction: Despite Margaret Atwood’s well-established literary reputation and her influence as one of the most important figures in Canadian literature, her short stories have been neglected in favor of her other writing and treated as less important and mere preparatory exercises compared to ...  Read More

Original Article
A new look at the novel The Picture of Dorian Gray based on Freud's views on personality

Alireza Shohani; Fereshteh Maleki

Volume 19, Issue 29 , March 2023, Pages 295-315


  Introduction: The purpose of the current research is to study the psychological and less branched aspects of one of the most prominent novels of the late nineteenth century England, namely, The Picture of Dorian by Oscar Wilde. Regardless of its Gothic aspect and its moral and artistic aesthetics, this ...  Read More

On the Effect of Hard, Soft, Reciprocal, and Virtual Scaffolding Types on Iranian EFL Learners' Reading Strategy Development

Noushin Asadipiran; shahram Afraz; Ayatollah Razmjoo

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 63-99


  The present study was designed following a scaffolding principle of sociocultural theory (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976) with an attempt to investigate the role of the four scaffolding techniques, namely Hard, Soft (Saye & Brush, 2002), Reciprocal (Holton & Clarke, 2006), and Virtual (Yelland ...  Read More

ارزیابی کتاب‌های آموزش زبان از منظر فرهنگ و جایگاه زبان انگلیسی به عنوان زبان بین‌المللی

Sasan Baleghizadeh; سلماز آقازاده

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 121-144


  در دنیای امـروز که ضرورت دانستن زبان انگلیسی برای انجام تعاملات بین فرهنگی امری غیرقابل انکار است، آموزش و یادگیری زبان انگلیسی باید همـراه بـا درنظر گرفتن ارزش­هـای ...  Read More

Examining the Concept of “Cosmopsis,” through a Pyrrhonist Approach in The End of the Road by John Barth

Bahman Zarrinjooee; Seyed Vahid Abtahi

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 15-38


  John Barth, among postmodern American novelists, is apt to be called the reviver of Pyrrhonist tradition in the Twentieth century. In his creation of Pyrrhonist characters, he criticizes the American value system and the empty life of contemporary man in a broad sense. The End of the Road, Barth’s ...  Read More

جستجوی مکان و خویشتن؛ بررسی داستان گل‌های زوال پاتریک مودیانو از منظر ژئوپوئتیک

Fatemeh Sokout Jahromi; محمدحسین جواری; الله شکر اسداللهی

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 171-187


  چکیده: ژئوپوئتیک، نظریه‌ی نوظهور نقد ادبی و هنری ست که به اهمیت و نقش مکان در آثار ادبی و هنری می‌پردازد. ژئوپوئتیک رویکردی باز و بینارشته‌ای‌ست. این رویکرد علاوه بر ...  Read More

Abjection, the Abject, and the Formation of Masculine Identity in Shakespeare’s Hamlet: A Kristevan Perspective

Rakhshandeh Nabizadeh-Nodehi; Shideh Ahmadzadeh Heravi

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 307-326


  Abstract In Shakespeare’s portrayal of madness, mind and body are not considered as binary opposites; on the contrary, they appear to be closely intertwined. A number of the most memorable characters in Shakespeare’s dramatic works suffer from mental disorders. A study of these characters’ ...  Read More

Original Article
Ghetto and Punitive Containment: A Reflection on Caryl Phillips’s The Nature of Blood

Bahareh Nilforoshan; Bakhtiar Sadjadi; Fariba Parvizi; Farid Parvaneh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 November 2022

  Introduction: Reading contemporary fiction through diverse disciplines appears to be a substantial part of narrative studies in particular and literature in general providing a tenable framework of interdisciplinary discourses of knowledge to study and explore fiction. Caryl Phillips’s The Nature ...  Read More

Original Article
Electronic Literature and Multimodal Web-Fictions

Hanieh Zaltash; Farid Parvaneh; Narges Montakhabi Bakhtvar

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 November 2022

  IntroductionThe inauguration of electronic literature is highly entwined with the evolution of digital media, in a sense that it is called “digital born,” which refers to the works of art that are created on a computer and meant to be read on a computer. Multimodal web-fictions, also known ...  Read More

Original Article
The Correspondence of the Strategies of Affective Impressionism with the Principles of Affective Realism in the Wessex’s Narrative Discourse

Saeid Behnoud; Negar Sharif; Zahra Bordbari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 17 February 2023

  Introduction: As the investigation of the Wessex’s paratextual material reveals, Hardy’s insightful conviction on the primacy of emotional reasoning over logical cognition in the mind’s nexus informs his predetermined intentionality in assigning the impressionistic elicitation of affective ...  Read More

Original Article
A Study of Levertov’s “A Tree Telling of Orpheus” in the Light of Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy of Nature

Bahare Aarabi; Negar Sharif

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 18 February 2023

  Introduction: The industrial development and rapid economic growth of the United States in the mid-twentieth century pushed the concept of nature to the margins. It is presumed that the literary pieces made during this period ignored nature to the advantage of the multilateral development of the country. ...  Read More

Original Article
Studying and comparing the level of literariness of the sixth chapter of Saadi's Golestan and its Russian translation based on the Busemann equation

Mahnush Eskandari; Ali Saeidi,

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 April 2023

  One of the controversial issues in translating important Persian literary works into other languages ​​is to examine the level of literariness of the translated text compared to the original text. In statistical stylistics, by examining the form and content of the works, it is possible to achieve ...  Read More

Original Article
Eco-psychological Reading of Barbara Kingsolver’s Animal Dreams

Narges Raoufzadeh; Razieh Eslamieh; Morteza Lak

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 April 2023

  Introduction: Issues and topics related to nature and the environment has attracted the attention of a large number of theorists and critics. What has made the human mind focus for a long time is the importance of preserving nature, plant and animal species, which play a very essential role in maintaining ...  Read More

Original Article
Comparing the Performances of the Female Translators from New and Old Generations in Translating Taboo Words and Investigating the Effect of Culture on their Performances

Pariya Azad

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 10 April 2023

  Introduction Language is the most important means of communication in human societies. Language uses for different needs. Sometimes it has a positive and negative meaning. Therefore, in linguistics, language is considered a double-edged sword that needs using with awareness. Translating taboo phrases ...  Read More

Original Article
Sexuation and Phallic Castration: A Psychoanalytic Study of the Impossibility of Sexual Relationship in Lisa Unger’s Fragile

Mehdi Khoshkalam Pour; Bakhtiar Sadjadi; Fariba Parvizi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 15 April 2023

  Introduction: The present paper proposes that Lisa Unger’s Fragile (2010) is involved in a late capitalist social phenomenon that announces both the extinction of the authoritative Oedipal Father and the liberation of mOther and son from his reign. The Hollowers in the novel are incapable of experiencing ...  Read More

The study of Greimas Actional Pattern in Parallel Worlds :1Q84 novel by Haruki Murakami

afsoun abdirad; Arsalan Golfam

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 18 April 2023

  One of the most important features of postmodern storytelling and surreal literature is cognitive uncertainty or integration of reality and fantasy; Because unlike modern story which emphasizes theme of cognition, postmodern story deepens theme of ontology and that requires confusion of ontological levels ...  Read More

Original Article
The necessity of teaching German pragmatics in order to reduce errors in Iranian language learners

Sima Moghtader; Seyed Saied Firuzabadi; Afsoun Goudarzpour Aragh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 April 2023

  IntroductionMaking errors in the process of learning German, generally also has positive aspects, because it indicates the level of linguistic knowledge and specifies ambiguous points in the learning process of the learner. Many of the mistakes of language learners are hidden because such errors ...  Read More

Original Article
Teacher Education and EFL Student Teachers' Professional Identity Construction

Mehri Jalali; Mohammad Mehdi Soroush; Ali Akabar Khomeijani Farahani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 30 April 2023

  IntroductionIdentity is an ongoing concept that is generally described in terms of a set of one’s personal features in comparison to other persons (Pennington, 2015). It is stated that identity is associated with our concept of who think we are, and what others think of us (Gee, 2000). The line ...  Read More

Original Article
Sartre's Existentialism and 'Bad Faith' in The White Devil by John Webster

Narges Bagheri; Mohammad Nabi Tavallaei

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 05 May 2023

  IntroductionAll humans may attempt to evade their mistakes and justify their deeds with different tricks. One of these ways that have a philosophical and ontological root is “bad faith”. In the twentieth century, the French philosopher Joan-Paul Sartre introduced this philosophical concept ...  Read More

Original Article
The Portrait of the Writer as a Mosaicist: Lucien Dällenbach's Mosaics in Virginia Woolf's Fragmentary Writing

Shafigheh Keivan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 08 May 2023

  Introduction: With the advent of modernity, Mimesis and the classical art and literature proved to be no more the adequate methods of representation. Strongly conscious of the changes of her era, Virginia Woolf is one of the first writers of the twentieth century to have used and developed the "fragmentary ...  Read More

Original Article
Lived Experience of Pain: Memory and Consciousness A Case Study on the Character of Luzhin in Vladimir Nabokov’s The Defense (Zashchita Luzhina)

Leili Kafi; Kian Soheil; Keyhan Bahmani Kolour; Newsha Ahmadi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 May 2023

  Introduction:Pain as a positive phenomenon is rare in literary studies, especially in those related to Nabokov. This research, for the first time, discusses ideas of Damasio on emotions and consciousness and applies it to the character of Luzhin through close reading of the text to show how the individual’s ...  Read More

Original Article
Facilitating the Process of Integration to Host Culture for Female Immigrants through Hybridized Identities in Mohsin Hamid’s Exit West

Hoda Shabrang; Bahare Tajik

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 25 May 2023

  IntroductionNowadays, speaking about immigration and its consequences is a controversial topic of many academic groups. The rise of postcolonialism and immigration has led to indescribable changes in world public affairs. In the field of immigration studies, the individual experiences of women in the ...  Read More

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