Volume 19 (2022)
Volume 18 (2021)
Volume 17 (2020)
Volume 16 (2019)
Volume 15 (2018)
Volume 14 (2018)
Volume 13 (2017)
Volume 12 (2016)
Volume 11 (2015)
Volume 10 (2015)
Volume 7 (2014)
Volume 6 (2013)
Volume 5 (2012)
Volume 4 (2012)
Volume 3 (2010)
Volume 2 (2009)
Volume 1 (2008)

Critical Language and Literary Studies, CLLS, is funded by Shahid Beheshti University, Research Council. The Journal fully endorses and adheres to Creative Commons (CC) and Open Access (OA) regulations in accommodating a free circulation of knowledge. Under CC and OA terms, authors and readers are free to copy, distribute, share, remix and transform material in so far as they give accurate and proper credit to the original author of the manuscript and its place of publication. Articles can be downloaded freely by readers, yet they can't be used for commercial purposes. A non-commercial usage of or reference to articles published by CLLS requires no permission.

CLLS neither tolerates nor accepts any form of academic or commercial advertisement or marketing.

Journal Short Name: CLLS
First issue: 2008
Publication frequency /date: biannual (June and December)
Articles per issue: 12
APC: 4000000 Iranian Rial (after final acceptance of the article 16 USD - confirmation date July 2021)
Review: Double-blind Peer-review
Review duration: 4-6 months
Open Access: Yes
License: Creative Commons, BY-NC
Archiving: Internal Archival structure (SBU), DOAJ
Original Article
Facilitating the Process of Integration to Host Culture for Female Immigrants through Hybridized Identities in Mohsin Hamid’s Exit West

Hoda Shabrang; Bahare Tajik

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 13-32


  IntroductionNowadays, speaking about immigration and its consequences is a controversial topic of many academic groups. The rise of postcolonialism and immigration has led to indescribable changes in world public affairs. In the field of immigration studies, the individual experiences of women in the ...  Read More

Original Article
The role of morphology and knowledge of word formation on the learning and expansion of potential German vocabulary

mahin moradi; Leili Mesgarzadeh aghdam; Shahram Sahavi

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 33-54


  Introduction :  The learning of German language vocabulary can be investigated from two points of view: "meaning and morphological structure". There are different ways to expand the vocabulary, most of the new words are created by word building method. Since the German language is rich in derivational ...  Read More

Original Article
A Study of Trauma in Jhumpa Lahiri's "A Temporary Matter"

Ahmad Reza Rahimi; ُShideh Ahmadzadeh Heravi

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 55-71


  Jhumpa Lahiri’s stories have been studied more or less as expressing the cultural conflicts and problems of living in a host land. However, this study hopes to open new horizons in studying works of Lahiri from a new point of view – that of trauma and traumatic studies, with the special focus ...  Read More

Original Article
The Medieval Discourse of Labor and (Noble) Idleness in The Canterbury Tales

Alireza Mahdipour; Hossein Pirnajmuddin

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 73-93


  IntroductionThe discourse of labor (and idleness) is theorized in ancient classical times by Hesiod who regarded labor as an affliction, and the aristocratic Plato-Aristotelian circle of thought who ignored its value since they attributed it to the slaves, celebrating instead the man’s ‘Noble ...  Read More

Original Article
Interactional Competence and Intonation in Teaching German

Armin Fazelzad

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 93-114


  Introduction: Since the ultimate purpose of learning a foreign language is being capable of communicating in that language, the concept of interactional competence is of dire importance in teaching and learning a second language. Interactional competence is the ability to use language in different social ...  Read More

Original Article
Analysis of the Persian translation of "Lyla's Dream" by Leconte de Lisle (A Study of Henri Meschonnic)

Sedigheh Sherkat Moghadam

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 115-136


  Introduction:La traduction permet d’échanger des idées et des réflexions du monde. Parmi divers textes littéraires, la traduction de la poésie semble difficile selon certains chercheurs. La difficulté majeure est de recréer l’union du sens ...  Read More

Original Article
A study of Joris-Karl Huysmans’s literary according to Bourdieu’s theory and the influence of habitus.

Dominique Carnoy-Torabi; Marghrouri SHahrzad

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 137-156


  Introduction: In the course of one’s life, a person constantly changes due to various environmental and social factors and inevitably adopts new frameworks. One of the most radical changes that a person experiences is the transformation of beliefs and the development of a new identity. In this ...  Read More

Original Article
Investigation of cultural factors in sixth-generation textbooks for German as foreign Language

Anita Amiri

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 157-186


  EinleitungZiel der vorliegenden Studie ist es, zu untersuchen, welche Bedeutung die kulturbiografischen Faktoren in DaF-Lehrwerken der sechsten Generation haben. Der Fremdsprachenunterricht wird als der zentrale Ort der Begegnung zwischen mindestens zwei Kulturen betrachtet, und dies kann manchmal zu ...  Read More

Original Article
Eco-Grief Induced Crisis: Resilience of Eco-Trauma and Sense of Ending in Jonathan Franzen’s Freedom

Shokofeh Zorriyeh Habib; Leila Baradaran Jamili; Bahman Zarrinjooee

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 187-207


  AbstractIntroduction: Role of nature is undoubtedly undeniable in literature. Due to environmental crises, addressing environmental dilemmas in literature is crucial. This research investigates eco-grief and eco-apocalypse in Jonathan Franzen’s Freedom (2010). It is based on the interrelation of ...  Read More

Original Article
A Stylistics of the Anti-War Postmodern Narrative in Kurt Vonnegut’s Slaughterhouse-Five

Ali Taghizadeh; Ali Asghar Ghafouri

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 209-233


  Introduction: Vonnegut’s fiction is often read for science fiction, black humor, satirical, and postmodernist. However, the present research reads Slaughterhouse-Five mainly as an anti-war story. Thomas F. Marvin contends that the meaning of the novel as anti-war is a mixture of “brutal realism ...  Read More

Original Article
The impact of mind mapping on vocabulary acquisition in fictional texts to enhance reasoning development and strengthen language skills of Iranian French-learning children and teenagers.

SEPIDEH KARIMI HEIDARI; Leila Shobeiry; Hamidreza SHAIRI; Karim Hayati Ashtiani

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 235-261


  Introduction: Learning vocabulary and its memorization represent crucial challenges in language education. With the evolution of educational methodologies, contemporary techniques aim to streamline this process. Mind maps have emerged as a recent educational aid, offering effective learning strategies.Background ...  Read More

Original Article
Eco- critical Reading of Swedenborgian Concepts in Blake`s Selected Poetry

Laiya Matin Parsa; Ali Salami

Volume 20, Issue 31 , January 2024, Pages 263-285


  Introduction     William Blake's long-lasting connection with Swedenborg has long been reflected by many researchers and it is impossible to examine the poet's works within the scope of ecological criticism without considering the importance of the Swedish philosopher in the formation ...  Read More

Examining the Concept of “Cosmopsis,” through a Pyrrhonist Approach in The End of the Road by John Barth

Bahman Zarrinjooee; Seyed Vahid Abtahi

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 15-38


  John Barth, among postmodern American novelists, is apt to be called the reviver of Pyrrhonist tradition in the Twentieth century. In his creation of Pyrrhonist characters, he criticizes the American value system and the empty life of contemporary man in a broad sense. The End of the Road, Barth’s ...  Read More

On the Effect of Hard, Soft, Reciprocal, and Virtual Scaffolding Types on Iranian EFL Learners' Reading Strategy Development

Noushin Asadipiran; shahram Afraz; Ayatollah Razmjoo

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 63-99


  The present study was designed following a scaffolding principle of sociocultural theory (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976) with an attempt to investigate the role of the four scaffolding techniques, namely Hard, Soft (Saye & Brush, 2002), Reciprocal (Holton & Clarke, 2006), and Virtual (Yelland ...  Read More

جستجوی مکان و خویشتن؛ بررسی داستان گل‌های زوال پاتریک مودیانو از منظر ژئوپوئتیک

Fatemeh Sokout Jahromi; محمدحسین جواری; الله شکر اسداللهی

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 171-187


  چکیده: ژئوپوئتیک، نظریه‌ی نوظهور نقد ادبی و هنری ست که به اهمیت و نقش مکان در آثار ادبی و هنری می‌پردازد. ژئوپوئتیک رویکردی باز و بینارشته‌ای‌ست. این رویکرد علاوه بر ...  Read More

ارزیابی کتاب‌های آموزش زبان از منظر فرهنگ و جایگاه زبان انگلیسی به عنوان زبان بین‌المللی

Sasan Baleghizadeh; سلماز آقازاده

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 121-144


  در دنیای امـروز که ضرورت دانستن زبان انگلیسی برای انجام تعاملات بین فرهنگی امری غیرقابل انکار است، آموزش و یادگیری زبان انگلیسی باید همـراه بـا درنظر گرفتن ارزش­هـای ...  Read More

Abjection, the Abject, and the Formation of Masculine Identity in Shakespeare’s Hamlet: A Kristevan Perspective

Rakhshandeh Nabizadeh-Nodehi; Shideh Ahmadzadeh Heravi

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 307-326


  Abstract In Shakespeare’s portrayal of madness, mind and body are not considered as binary opposites; on the contrary, they appear to be closely intertwined. A number of the most memorable characters in Shakespeare’s dramatic works suffer from mental disorders. A study of these characters’ ...  Read More

Original Article
Ghetto and Punitive Containment: A Reflection on Caryl Phillips’s The Nature of Blood

Bahareh Nilforoshan; Bakhtiar Sadjadi; Fariba Parvizi; Farid Parvaneh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 16 August 2023


  Introduction: Reading contemporary fiction through diverse disciplines appears to be a substantial part of narrative studies in particular and literature in general providing a tenable framework of interdisciplinary discourses of knowledge to study and explore fiction. Caryl Phillips’s The Nature ...  Read More

Original Article
A Study of Levertov’s “A Tree Telling of Orpheus” in the Light of Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy of Nature

Bahare Aarabi; Negar Sharif

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 16 August 2023


  Introduction: The industrial development and rapid economic growth of the United States in the mid-twentieth century pushed the concept of nature to the margins. It is presumed that the literary pieces made during this period ignored nature to the advantage of the multilateral development of the country. ...  Read More

Original Article
Poetry of Witness: A Traumatic Reading of Carolyn Forché and Fady Joudah’s War Poetry

Seyedeh Yasaman Ghodsi; Narges Montakhabi; Razieh Eslamieh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 December 2023


  AbstractIntroductionAmong many others, the aftermath of the Cold War generated two poets whose works of art significantly impacted their traumatized audiences. Forché and Joudah are among those whose lives were altered following their visit to war zones. The former is known as an established, ...  Read More

Original Article
Rereading the Concept of “Simulacra” in the Novel “I” by Wolfgang Hilbig

Narjes Khodaee

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 January 2024


  Introduction: During the 1990s, German literature saw an influx of writers who had lived through the East German regime. These authors reflected the events that led up to the Berlin Wall’s fall and Germany’s reunification. Wolfgang Hilbig’s novel, “I”, is a prominent example ...  Read More

Original Article
A Study of Discourse Monitoring System in two Persian and English Literary Works Based on Comparative Discourse Analysis

Ali Mohammad Mohammadi; Morteza Abdoli

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 27 January 2024


  Introduction: Comparative discourse analysis is a branch of linguistics focusing on comparative study of languages, cultures, and discourses in terms of similar linguistic and metalinguistic variables in the construction and monitoring of discourse (Linha, 2022). Monitoring discourse is the analysis ...  Read More

Original Article
Utilitarianism in contemporary French literature. Case study: Antoine Compagnon

Hassan Zokhtareh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 January 2024


  Introduction: This article regards Antoine Compagnon as the embodiment of a movement that imbues literature with utility in the contemporary context. In his inaugural lecture, titled "What is Literature for?" delivered at the esteemed Collège de France, Compagnon argues that the era of inquiries ...  Read More

Original Article
Free Case in German

Kaveh Bahrami Sobhani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 February 2024


  IntroductionThe German language has four grammatical cases: Nominative (Nominativ)– subject, Accusative (Akkusativ)– direct object, Dative (Dativ)– indirect object, and Genitive (Genitiv)– possessive. Grammatical case is mostly responsible for determining the syntactic-semantic ...  Read More

Original Article
A Study of Narrativity Through Semantic Square and Narrative Program in the Novel "If Only It Were True" by Marc Levy

Mitra Moradi; Ali Abbassi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 11 February 2024


  IntroductionGreimas, as the most famous theoretician of "narrative semantics", believes that the structure of a narrative, like the structure of a sentence, has its own grammar. By presenting some models such as action pattern, narrative program, semantic square, etc., he tries to structure the relationships ...  Read More

Original Article
Comparative Analysis of Symbolic Plays: Pinter's 'Birthday Party' and Saadi's 'Honeymoon

Hesam Khalouei; Mohammadsadegh Basiri; Najme Hosseini Sarvari

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 14 February 2024


  Introduction:The term "Absurd" in dictionaries refers to something irrational, illogical, or nonsensical from a rational or conventional standpoint. However, the title of Absurdist Theater "is not derived from the definition of the term according to the dictionary; rather, it was first used in a book ...  Read More

Original Article
Theories of translation of children and young adults’ books and their application in Hoshang Moradi Kermani’s stories "Khomreh" and "Chakmeh" in German language

Faranak Hashemi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 02 March 2024


  IntroductionTranslation of texts with native and cultural content has always been a big challenge for translators. It seems that we are facing two problems: first, the translator‘s correct understanding of the original text, and second, the correct and comprehensible translation of native and cultural ...  Read More

Original Article
An Interdisciplinary Research on the Improvisation of Power, Tyranny and Chaos in William Shakespeare's Richard III

Azita Zamani; Zahra Bordbari; Javad Yaghoobi Derabi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 March 2024


  IntroductionThe present research examines Greenblatt's theories on the improvisation of power and tyranny in Shakespeare's play Richard III, considering Hayles and Slethaug's ideas of chaos theory. The focus is on the nonviolent psychological control achieved through empathy using displacement and absorption. ...  Read More

Original Article
Study of “All those things we didn’t say to each other” according to literary geography and cartography

Azadeh HAKAMI; Ali Abbassi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 April 2024


  IntroductionLiterary geography examines geography and literary places in relation to each other. This aspect of thematic criticism tries to examine the relationship between the writer's&the reader's mind with Collot's approach; He believes that the outside narrates the inside. In this research, we ...  Read More

Original Article
Environmental Narratives: Egalitarian Philosophy and Ecosophophy in Denying Anthropocentrism in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando

Ziba Roshanzamir; Leila Baradaran Jamili; Bahman Zarrinjooee

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 April 2024


  Introduction: This research aims to analyze Virginia Woolf (1882-1942)’s Orlando: A Biography (1928) based on environmental narrative, egalitarian philosophy and ecosophy to criticize anthropocentrism. The theoretical framework is mainly based on Arne Naess’s philosophies of egalitarianism ...  Read More

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