Volume 20 (2023)
Volume 19 (2022)
Volume 18 (2021)
Volume 17 (2020)
Volume 16 (2019)
Volume 15 (2018)
Volume 14 (2018)
Volume 13 (2017)
Volume 12 (2016)
Volume 11 (2015)
Volume 10 (2015)
Volume 7 (2014)
Volume 6 (2013)
Volume 5 (2012)
Volume 4 (2012)
Volume 3 (2010)
Volume 2 (2009)
Volume 1 (2008)

Critical Language and Literary Studies, CLLS, is funded by Shahid Beheshti University, Research Council. The Journal fully endorses and adheres to Creative Commons (CC) and Open Access (OA) regulations in accommodating a free circulation of knowledge. Under CC and OA terms, authors and readers are free to copy, distribute, share, remix and transform material in so far as they give accurate and proper credit to the original author of the manuscript and its place of publication. Articles can be downloaded freely by readers, yet they can't be used for commercial purposes. A non-commercial usage of or reference to articles published by CLLS requires no permission.

CLLS neither tolerates nor accepts any form of academic or commercial advertisement or marketing.

Journal Short Name: CLLS
First issue: 2008
Publication frequency /date: biannual (June and December)
Articles per issue: 12
APC: 4000000 Iranian Rial (after final acceptance of the article 16 USD - confirmation date July 2021)
Review: Double-blind Peer-review
Review duration: 4-6 months
Open Access: Yes
License: Creative Commons, BY-NC
Archiving: Internal Archival structure (SBU), DOAJ
Original Article
Ghetto and Punitive Containment: A Reflection on Caryl Phillips’s The Nature of Blood

Bahareh Nilforoshan; Bakhtiar Sadjadi; Fariba Parvizi; Farid Parvaneh

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 15-36


  Introduction: Reading contemporary fiction through diverse disciplines appears to be a substantial part of narrative studies in particular and literature in general providing a tenable framework of interdisciplinary discourses of knowledge to study and explore fiction. Caryl Phillips’s The Nature ...  Read More

Original Article
A Study of Levertov’s “A Tree Telling of Orpheus” in the Light of Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy of Nature

Bahare Aarabi; Negar Sharif

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 37-61


  Introduction: The industrial development and rapid economic growth of the United States in the mid-twentieth century pushed the concept of nature to the margins. It is presumed that the literary pieces made during this period ignored nature to the advantage of the multilateral development of the country. ...  Read More

Original Article
Poetry of Witness: A Traumatic Reading of Carolyn Forché and Fady Joudah’s War Poetry

Seyedeh Yasaman Ghodsi; Narges Montakhabi; Razieh Eslamieh

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 63-83


  AbstractIntroductionAmong many others, the aftermath of the Cold War generated two poets whose works of art significantly impacted their traumatized audiences. Forché and Joudah are among those whose lives were altered following their visit to war zones. The former is known as an established, ...  Read More

Original Article
Rereading the Concept of “Simulacra” in the Novel “I” by Wolfgang Hilbig

Narjes Khodaee

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 85-106


  Introduction: During the 1990s, German literature saw an influx of writers who had lived through the East German regime. These authors reflected the events that led up to the Berlin Wall’s fall and Germany’s reunification. Wolfgang Hilbig’s novel, “I”, is a prominent example ...  Read More

Original Article
A Study of Discourse Monitoring System in two Persian and English Literary Works Based on Comparative Discourse Analysis

Ali Mohammad Mohammadi; Morteza Abdoli

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 107-131


  Introduction: Comparative discourse analysis is a branch of linguistics focusing on comparative study of languages, cultures, and discourses in terms of similar linguistic and metalinguistic variables in the construction and monitoring of discourse (Linha, 2022). Monitoring discourse is the analysis ...  Read More

Original Article
Utilitarianism in contemporary French literature. Case study: Antoine Compagnon

Hassan Zokhtareh

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 133-156


  Introduction: This article regards Antoine Compagnon as the embodiment of a movement that imbues literature with utility in the contemporary context. In his inaugural lecture, titled "What is Literature for?" delivered at the esteemed Collège de France, Compagnon argues that the era of inquiries ...  Read More

Original Article
Free Case in German

Kaveh Bahrami Sobhani

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 157-178


  IntroductionThe German language has four grammatical cases: Nominative (Nominativ)– subject, Accusative (Akkusativ)– direct object, Dative (Dativ)– indirect object, and Genitive (Genitiv)– possessive. Grammatical case is mostly responsible for determining the syntactic-semantic ...  Read More

Original Article
A Study of Narrativity Through Semantic Square and Narrative Program in the Novel "If Only It Were True" by Marc Levy

Mitra Moradi; Ali Abbassi

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 179-201


  IntroductionGreimas, as the most famous theoretician of "narrative semantics", believes that the structure of a narrative, like the structure of a sentence, has its own grammar. By presenting some models such as action pattern, narrative program, semantic square, etc., he tries to structure the relationships ...  Read More

Original Article
Comparative Analysis of Symbolic Plays: Pinter's 'Birthday Party' and Saadi's 'Honeymoon

Hesam Khalouei; Mohammadsadegh Basiri; Najme Hosseini Sarvari

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 203-225


  Introduction:The term "Absurd" in dictionaries refers to something irrational, illogical, or nonsensical from a rational or conventional standpoint. However, the title of Absurdist Theater "is not derived from the definition of the term according to the dictionary; rather, it was first used in a book ...  Read More

Original Article
Theories of translation of children and young adults’ books and their application in Hoshang Moradi Kermani’s stories "Khomreh" and "Chakmeh" in German language

Faranak Hashemi

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 227-246


  IntroductionTranslation of texts with native and cultural content has always been a big challenge for translators. It seems that we are facing two problems: first, the translator‘s correct understanding of the original text, and second, the correct and comprehensible translation of native and cultural ...  Read More

Original Article
An Interdisciplinary Research on the Improvisation of Power, Tyranny and Chaos in William Shakespeare's Richard III

Azita Zamani; Zahra Bordbari; Javad Yaghoobi Derabi

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 247-267


  IntroductionThe present research examines Greenblatt's theories on the improvisation of power and tyranny in Shakespeare's play Richard III, considering Hayles and Slethaug's ideas of chaos theory. The focus is on the nonviolent psychological control achieved through empathy using displacement and absorption. ...  Read More

Original Article
Environmental Narratives: Egalitarian Philosophy and Ecosophophy in Denying Anthropocentrism in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando

Ziba Roshanzamir; Leila Baradaran Jamili; Bahman Zarrinjooee

Volume 21, Issue 32 , June 2024, Pages 269-288


  Introduction: This research aims to analyze Virginia Woolf (1882-1942)’s Orlando: A Biography (1928) based on environmental narrative, egalitarian philosophy and ecosophy to criticize anthropocentrism. The theoretical framework is mainly based on Arne Naess’s philosophies of egalitarianism ...  Read More

Examining the Concept of “Cosmopsis,” through a Pyrrhonist Approach in The End of the Road by John Barth

Bahman Zarrinjooee; Seyed Vahid Abtahi

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 15-38


  John Barth, among postmodern American novelists, is apt to be called the reviver of Pyrrhonist tradition in the Twentieth century. In his creation of Pyrrhonist characters, he criticizes the American value system and the empty life of contemporary man in a broad sense. The End of the Road, Barth’s ...  Read More

جستجوی مکان و خویشتن؛ بررسی داستان گل‌های زوال پاتریک مودیانو از منظر ژئوپوئتیک

Fatemeh Sokout Jahromi; محمدحسین جواری; الله شکر اسداللهی

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 171-187


  چکیده: ژئوپوئتیک، نظریه‌ی نوظهور نقد ادبی و هنری ست که به اهمیت و نقش مکان در آثار ادبی و هنری می‌پردازد. ژئوپوئتیک رویکردی باز و بینارشته‌ای‌ست. این رویکرد علاوه بر ...  Read More

On the Effect of Hard, Soft, Reciprocal, and Virtual Scaffolding Types on Iranian EFL Learners' Reading Strategy Development

Noushin Asadipiran; shahram Afraz; Ayatollah Razmjoo

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 63-99


  The present study was designed following a scaffolding principle of sociocultural theory (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976) with an attempt to investigate the role of the four scaffolding techniques, namely Hard, Soft (Saye & Brush, 2002), Reciprocal (Holton & Clarke, 2006), and Virtual (Yelland ...  Read More

ارزیابی کتاب‌های آموزش زبان از منظر فرهنگ و جایگاه زبان انگلیسی به عنوان زبان بین‌المللی

Sasan Baleghizadeh; سلماز آقازاده

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 121-144


  در دنیای امـروز که ضرورت دانستن زبان انگلیسی برای انجام تعاملات بین فرهنگی امری غیرقابل انکار است، آموزش و یادگیری زبان انگلیسی باید همـراه بـا درنظر گرفتن ارزش­هـای ...  Read More

Abjection, the Abject, and the Formation of Masculine Identity in Shakespeare’s Hamlet: A Kristevan Perspective

Rakhshandeh Nabizadeh-Nodehi; Shideh Ahmadzadeh Heravi

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 307-326


  Abstract In Shakespeare’s portrayal of madness, mind and body are not considered as binary opposites; on the contrary, they appear to be closely intertwined. A number of the most memorable characters in Shakespeare’s dramatic works suffer from mental disorders. A study of these characters’ ...  Read More

Original Article
Study of “All those things we didn’t say to each other” according to literary geography and cartography

Azadeh HAKAMI; Ali Abbassi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 April 2024


  IntroductionLiterary geography examines geography and literary places in relation to each other. This aspect of thematic criticism tries to examine the relationship between the writer's&the reader's mind with Collot's approach; He believes that the outside narrates the inside. In this research, we ...  Read More

Original Article
Exploring Julia Kristeva’s Theory of Abjection in Gholam Hossein Saedi’s The Dump

Yasaman Mokarrami Rostami; Alireza Farahbakhsh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 18 April 2024


  Introduction: In Julia Kristeva’s conception of the abject, anything that falls outside the normativity of a dominant system is dubbed as repulsive and deplorable. Abject subjects are the subjects who are rejected by society because of their heterogeneity; ironically, sometimes they resort to crime ...  Read More

Original Article
Consciousness in Metamodern Era: Rereading The Bone Clocks by David Mitchell

Hamideh Vesalifallah; Roya Yaghoubi; Seyyed Shahabeddin Sadati

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 May 2024


  Introduction This article examines the issue of consciousness in The Bone Clocks written by David Mitchell as a metamodernist novel. Specifically, this article first defines consciousness and observes the characteristics of the issue of consciousness in this new era. Then, recognizing specific modernist ...  Read More

Original Article
Eco-trauma: Industrial Captivity and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders in Harriet Simpson Arnow’s The Dollmaker

Narges Raoufzadeh; Razieh Eslamieh; Morteza Lak

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 14 May 2024


  Introduction: Man’s intimacy with nature serves as a necessary factor to maintain mental health in order to treat his trauma, and this issue has long been the focus of discussion for many thinkers and critics. Various viewpoints regarding the relationship between man, nature and natural phenomena ...  Read More

Original Article
Convergence of Historiography and New Historicism, Reciprocity of History and Literature: Dialectical Circulation of Foucauldian Power/ Knowledge Surveyed in Mari Evans’ “When in Rome”

Shahrzad Mohammad Hosein; Hoda Shabrang

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 May 2024


  Introduction: Although there are propitious merits to poetry galore, few would suggest it as a means for the exemplification of critical theories. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of human sciences, there exists a reciprocal connection between findings in literature which will aid critiques to illustrate ...  Read More

Original Article
A look at the thought of "Tao Yuan Ming" in a selection of his poems (Famous Chinese poet of the 5th century AD)

Seyed jalal emam

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 28 May 2024


  IntrodutionTao Yuanming, a 5th century Chinese poet, is known as the founder of the "Garden Alley" poem. He wrote down the issues and problems of the society and of course his mental states with a simple and of course frank literature, which has a great contribution in presenting a picture of the social ...  Read More

Original Article
King Lear and “Fereydoun and his Sons”, Hamlet and “Kay Khosrow” in the Mirror of the Anxieties of the Other

Saeede Mazloumian; Fazel Asadi Amjad

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 June 2024


  Introduction:  In the power structure, the ideological anxiety of the subversive forces is such that its owners do their best to subdue the subversive forces and destroy their legitimacy in the power scene. As much as the ideology reproduces itself at every moment, the subversive forces are also ...  Read More

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