Volume 19 (2022)
Volume 18 (2021)
Volume 17 (2020)
Volume 16 (2019)
Volume 15 (2018)
Volume 14 (2018)
Volume 13 (2017)
Volume 12 (2016)
Volume 11 (2015)
Volume 10 (2015)
Volume 7 (2014)
Volume 6 (2013)
Volume 5 (2012)
Volume 4 (2012)
Volume 3 (2010)
Volume 2 (2009)
Volume 1 (2008)

Critical Language and Literary Studies, CLLS, is funded by Shahid Beheshti University, Research Council. The Journal fully endorses and adheres to Creative Commons (CC) and Open Access (OA) regulations in accommodating a free circulation of knowledge. Under CC and OA terms, authors and readers are free to copy, distribute, share, remix and transform material in so far as they give accurate and proper credit to the original author of the manuscript and its place of publication. Articles can be downloaded freely by readers, yet they can't be used for commercial purposes. A non-commercial usage of or reference to articles published by CLLS requires no permission.

CLLS neither tolerates nor accepts any form of academic or commercial advertisement or marketing.

Journal Short Name: CLLS
First issue: 2008
Publication frequency /date: biannual (June and December)
Articles per issue: 12
APC: 4000000 Iranian Rial (after final acceptance of the article 16 USD - confirmation date July 2021)
Review: Double-blind Peer-review
Review duration: 4-6 months
Open Access: Yes
License: Creative Commons, BY-NC
Archiving: Internal Archival structure (SBU), DOAJ
Original Article
Electronic Literature and Multimodal Web-Fictions

Hanieh Zaltash; Farid Parvaneh; Narges Montakhabi Bakhtvar

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 13-36


  IntroductionThe inauguration of electronic literature is highly entwined with the evolution of digital media, in a sense that it is called “digital born,” which refers to the works of art that are created on a computer and meant to be read on a computer. Multimodal web-fictions, also known ...  Read More

Original Article
The Correspondence of the Strategies of Affective Impressionism with the Principles of Affective Realism in the Wessex’s Narrative Discourse

Saeid Behnoud; Negar Sharif; Zahra Bordbari

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 37-60


  Introduction: As the investigation of the Wessex’s paratextual material reveals, Hardy’s insightful conviction on the primacy of emotional reasoning over logical cognition in the mind’s nexus informs his predetermined intentionality in assigning the impressionistic elicitation of affective ...  Read More

Original Article
Studying and comparing the level of literariness of the sixth chapter of Saadi's Golestan and its Russian translation based on the Busemann equation

Mahnush Eskandari; Ali Saeidi

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 61-89


  One of the controversial issues in translating important Persian literary works into other languages ​​is to examine the level of literariness of the translated text compared to the original text. In statistical stylistics, by examining the form and content of the works, it is possible to achieve ...  Read More

Original Article
Eco-psychological Reading of Barbara Kingsolver’s Animal Dreams

Narges Raoufzadeh; راضیه اسلامیه; Morteza Lak

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 91-112


  Introduction: Issues and topics related to nature and the environment has attracted the attention of a large number of theorists and critics. What has made the human mind focus for a long time is the importance of preserving nature, plant and animal species, which play a very essential role in maintaining ...  Read More

Original Article
Comparing the Performances of the Female Translators from New and Old Generations in Translating Taboo Words and Investigating the Effect of Culture on their Performances

Pariya Azad

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 113-133


  Introduction Language is the most important means of communication in human societies. Language uses for different needs. Sometimes it has a positive and negative meaning. Therefore, in linguistics, language is considered a double-edged sword that needs using with awareness. Translating taboo phrases ...  Read More

Original Article
Sexuation and Phallic Castration: A Psychoanalytic Study of the Impossibility of Sexual Relationship in Lisa Unger’s Fragile

Mehdi Khoshkalam Pour; Bakhtiar Sadjadi; Fariba Parvizi

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 135-160


  Introduction: The present paper proposes that Lisa Unger’s Fragile (2010) is involved in a late capitalist social phenomenon that announces both the extinction of the authoritative Oedipal Father and the liberation of mOther and son from his reign. The Hollowers in the novel are incapable of experiencing ...  Read More

Original Article
The study of Greimas Actional Pattern in Parallel Worlds :1Q84 novel by Haruki Murakami

afsoun abdirad; Arsalan Golfam

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 161-182


  One of the most important features of postmodern storytelling and surreal literature is cognitive uncertainty or integration of reality and fantasy; Because unlike modern story which emphasizes theme of cognition, postmodern story deepens theme of ontology and that requires confusion of ontological levels ...  Read More

Original Article
The necessity of teaching German pragmatics in order to reduce errors in Iranian language learners

Sima Moghtader; Seyed Saied Firuzabadi; Afsoun Goudarzpour Aragh

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 183-209


  IntroductionMaking errors in the process of learning German, generally also has positive aspects, because it indicates the level of linguistic knowledge and specifies ambiguous points in the learning process of the learner. Many of the mistakes of language learners are hidden because such errors ...  Read More

Original Article
Teacher Education and EFL Student Teachers' Professional Identity Construction

Mehri Jalali; Mohammad Mahdi Soroush; Ali Akabar Khomeijani Farahani

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 211-238


  Introduction Identity is an ongoing concept that is generally described in terms of a set of one’s personal features in comparison to other persons (Pennington, 2015). It is stated that identity is associated with our concept of who think we are, and what others think of us (Gee, 2000). The line ...  Read More

Original Article
Sartre's Existentialism and 'Bad Faith' in The White Devil by John Webster

Narges Bagheri; Mohammad Tavallaei

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 239-259


  IntroductionAll humans may attempt to evade their mistakes and justify their deeds with different tricks. One of these ways that have a philosophical and ontological root is “bad faith”. In the twentieth century, the French philosopher Joan-Paul Sartre introduced this philosophical concept ...  Read More

Original Article
The Portrait of the Writer as a Mosaicist: Lucien Dällenbach's Mosaics in Virginia Woolf's Fragmentary Writing

Shafigheh Keivan

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 261-280


  Introduction: With the advent of modernity, Mimesis and the classical art and literature proved to be no more the adequate methods of representation. Strongly conscious of the changes of her era, Virginia Woolf is one of the first writers of the twentieth century to have used and developed the "fragmentary ...  Read More

Original Article
Lived Experience of Pain: Memory and Consciousness A Case Study on the Character of Luzhin in Vladimir Nabokov’s The Defense (Zashchita Luzhina)

Leili Kafi; Kian Soheil; Keihan Bahmani; Newsha Ahmadi

Volume 20, Issue 30 , July 2023, Pages 280-300


  Introduction: Pain as a positive phenomenon is rare in literary studies, especially in those related to Nabokov. This research, for the first time, discusses ideas of Damasio on emotions and consciousness and applies it to the character of Luzhin through close reading of the text to show how the individual’s ...  Read More

On the Effect of Hard, Soft, Reciprocal, and Virtual Scaffolding Types on Iranian EFL Learners' Reading Strategy Development

Noushin Asadipiran; shahram Afraz; Ayatollah Razmjoo

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 63-99


  The present study was designed following a scaffolding principle of sociocultural theory (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976) with an attempt to investigate the role of the four scaffolding techniques, namely Hard, Soft (Saye & Brush, 2002), Reciprocal (Holton & Clarke, 2006), and Virtual (Yelland ...  Read More

ارزیابی کتاب‌های آموزش زبان از منظر فرهنگ و جایگاه زبان انگلیسی به عنوان زبان بین‌المللی

Sasan Baleghizadeh; سلماز آقازاده

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 121-144


  در دنیای امـروز که ضرورت دانستن زبان انگلیسی برای انجام تعاملات بین فرهنگی امری غیرقابل انکار است، آموزش و یادگیری زبان انگلیسی باید همـراه بـا درنظر گرفتن ارزش­هـای ...  Read More

Abjection, the Abject, and the Formation of Masculine Identity in Shakespeare’s Hamlet: A Kristevan Perspective

Rakhshandeh Nabizadeh-Nodehi; Shideh Ahmadzadeh Heravi

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 307-326


  Abstract In Shakespeare’s portrayal of madness, mind and body are not considered as binary opposites; on the contrary, they appear to be closely intertwined. A number of the most memorable characters in Shakespeare’s dramatic works suffer from mental disorders. A study of these characters’ ...  Read More

Examining the Concept of “Cosmopsis,” through a Pyrrhonist Approach in The End of the Road by John Barth

Bahman Zarrinjooee; Seyed Vahid Abtahi

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 15-38


  John Barth, among postmodern American novelists, is apt to be called the reviver of Pyrrhonist tradition in the Twentieth century. In his creation of Pyrrhonist characters, he criticizes the American value system and the empty life of contemporary man in a broad sense. The End of the Road, Barth’s ...  Read More

جستجوی مکان و خویشتن؛ بررسی داستان گل‌های زوال پاتریک مودیانو از منظر ژئوپوئتیک

Fatemeh Sokout Jahromi; محمدحسین جواری; الله شکر اسداللهی

Volume 17, Issue 24 , June 2020, , Pages 171-187


  چکیده: ژئوپوئتیک، نظریه‌ی نوظهور نقد ادبی و هنری ست که به اهمیت و نقش مکان در آثار ادبی و هنری می‌پردازد. ژئوپوئتیک رویکردی باز و بینارشته‌ای‌ست. این رویکرد علاوه بر ...  Read More

Original Article
The role of morphology and knowledge of word formation on the learning and expansion of potential German vocabulary

mahin moradi; Leili Mesgarzadeh aghdam; Shahram Sahavi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 24 July 2023


  Introduction :  The learning of German language vocabulary can be investigated from two points of view: "meaning and morphological structure". There are different ways to expand the vocabulary, most of the new words are created by word building method. Since the German language is rich in derivational ...  Read More

Original Article
A Study of Trauma in Jhumpa Lahiri's "A Temporary Matter"

Ahmad Reza Rahimi; ُShideh Ahmadzadeh Heravi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 July 2023


  Jhumpa Lahiri’s stories have been studied more or less as expressing the cultural conflicts and problems of living in a host land. However, this study hopes to open new horizons in studying works of Lahiri from a new point of view – that of trauma and traumatic studies, with the special focus ...  Read More

Original Article
The Medieval Discourse of Labor and (Noble) Idleness in The Canterbury Tales

Alireza Mahdipour; Hossein Pirnajmuddin

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 11 August 2023


  IntroductionThe discourse of labor (and idleness) is theorized in ancient classical times by Hesiod who regarded labor as an affliction, and the aristocratic Plato-Aristotelian circle of thought who ignored its value since they attributed it to the slaves, celebrating instead the man’s ‘Noble ...  Read More

Original Article
Ghetto and Punitive Containment: A Reflection on Caryl Phillips’s The Nature of Blood

Bahareh Nilforoshan; Bakhtiar Sadjadi; Fariba Parvizi; Farid Parvaneh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 16 August 2023


  Introduction: Reading contemporary fiction through diverse disciplines appears to be a substantial part of narrative studies in particular and literature in general providing a tenable framework of interdisciplinary discourses of knowledge to study and explore fiction. Caryl Phillips’s The Nature ...  Read More

Original Article
A Study of Levertov’s “A Tree Telling of Orpheus” in the Light of Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy of Nature

Bahare Aarabi; Negar Sharif

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 16 August 2023


  Introduction: The industrial development and rapid economic growth of the United States in the mid-twentieth century pushed the concept of nature to the margins. It is presumed that the literary pieces made during this period ignored nature to the advantage of the multilateral development of the country. ...  Read More

Original Article
Facilitating the Process of Integration to Host Culture for Female Immigrants through Hybridized Identities in Mohsin Hamid’s Exit West

Hoda Shabrang; Bahare Tajik

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 16 August 2023


  IntroductionNowadays, speaking about immigration and its consequences is a controversial topic of many academic groups. The rise of postcolonialism and immigration has led to indescribable changes in world public affairs. In the field of immigration studies, the individual experiences of women in the ...  Read More

Original Article
Interactional Competence and Intonation in Teaching German

Armin Fazelzad

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 23 September 2023


  Introduction: Since the ultimate purpose of learning a foreign language is being capable of communicating in that language, the concept of interactional competence is of dire importance in teaching and learning a second language. Interactional competence is the ability to use language in different social ...  Read More

Original Article
Analysis of the Persian translation of "Lyla's Dream" by Leconte de Lisle (A Study of Henri Meschonnic)

Sedigheh Sherkat Moghadam

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 25 September 2023


  Introduction:La traduction permet d’échanger des idées et des réflexions du monde. Parmi divers textes littéraires, la traduction de la poésie semble difficile selon certains chercheurs. La difficulté majeure est de recréer l’union du sens ...  Read More

Original Article
A study of Joris-Karl Huysmans’s literary according to Bourdieu’s theory and the influence of habitus.

Dominique Carnoy-Torabi; Marghrouri SHahrzad

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 25 September 2023


  Introduction: In the course of one’s life, a person constantly changes due to various environmental and social factors and inevitably adopts new frameworks. One of the most radical changes that a person experiences is the transformation of beliefs and the development of a new identity. In this ...  Read More

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