Volume 17 (2020)
Volume 16 (2019)
Volume 15 (2018)
Volume 14 (2018)
Volume 13 (2017)
Volume 12 (2016)
Volume 11 (2015)
Volume 10 (2015)
Volume 7 (2014)
Volume 6 (2013)
Volume 5 (2012)
Volume 4 (2012)
Volume 3 (2010)
Volume 2 (2009)
Volume 1 (2008)

Critical Language and Literary Studies, CLLS, is funded by Shahid Beheshti University, Research Council. The Journal fully endorses and adheres to Creative Commons (CC) and Open Access (OA) regulations in accommodating a free circulation of knowledge. Under CC and OA terms, authors and readers are free to copy, distribute, share, remix and transform material in so far as they give accurate and proper credit to the original author of the manuscript and its place of publication. Articles can be downloaded freely by readers, yet they can't be used for commercial purposes. A non-commercial usage of or reference to articles published by CLLS requires no permission.

CLLS neither tolerates nor accepts any form of academic or commercial advertisement or marketing.

Journal Short Name: CLLS
First issue: 2008
Publication frequency /date: biannual (June and December)
Articles per issue: 12
APC: 4000000 Iranian Rial (after final acceptance of the article 16 USD - confirmation date July 2021)
Review: Double-blind Peer-review
Review duration: 4-6 months
Open Access: Yes
License: Creative Commons, BY-NC
Archiving: Internal Archival structure (SBU), DOAJ
علمی - پژوهشی
1. A Survey of ELT Teachers and Learners’ Perception of Learner’s Autonomy in Iran and Turkey

Sasan Baleghizadeh; مریم مقیمی

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 15-34

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.15

Abstract
  By acquiring a new language, people can not only come to respect differences, but also realize that they live in a small world. Although there are many positive aspects regarding acquiring a new language, not every person who attempts to learn a new language succeeds in obtaining the ability to effectively ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
2. Recreation of Identity in History: Static and Dynamic History in Martin Amis’s Time’s Arrow and London Fields

Mahdi Nezami; Farid Parvaneh

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 35-54

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.35

Abstract
  IntroductionMartin Amis’s novels, Time’s Arrow (1991), and London Fields (1989) have many layers of interpretations including historical study by which scientific study may be distilled. Annealing, as a method in metallurgy science, can be taken into consideration for understanding one of ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
3. Poetry as an Event of Silence in Archibald MacLeish’s “Ars Poetica”: A Heideggerian-Deleuzean Reading

Hojat Goodarzi; Zahra Jannessari Ladani

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 55-76

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.55

Abstract
  Meaning-making in the Deleuze-Guattari semantic region is a revolutionary and artistic schizophrenia, contrary to the conventional process of semantics of conventional reason. Revolutionary means minor literature, and artistic means poetic. The poetics of meaning in poetry is held silently as an event ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
4. Albert Camus: Novel against psychological realism (The Novel of the Stranger as a case study)

aref danyali

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 77-104

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.77

Abstract
   The main objective of this study is to understand how novel can be read against psychological reality. As a case study, this paper addresses the Novel of the Stranger by Camus. Embedded in Kundera’s reading on the linkage between psychology on novel and psychology, the main question here ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
5. From Persian “Prologue” to English “Invocation”: A Comparative Study of Ferdowsi’ Shahnameh and John Milton’s Paradise Lost

مسلم ذوالفقارخانی; Mahmood Reza Ghorban Sabbagh

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 105-134

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.105

Abstract
  The present study aims at revealing Rhetoric in Persian and English language and literature and discussing its major classifications by rhetoricians, while emphasizing “Prologue” in Shahnameh and “Invocation” in Paradise Lost. To do this, some of the most significant contemporary ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
6. The study of the role of memory in the didactics of grammar and grammatical exercises of FFL in Iran

Leila Shobeiry

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 135-162

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.135

Abstract
  Learning a foreign language such as French always faces various challenges, including overcoming the grammatical problems of learners. Given that grammatical exercises can functionally play an important role in learning the grammar of a foreign language, in this study we aim to look for a relationship ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
7. Panopticism or Post- Panopticism, that is the Question: As an Other, One can never Leave

Zahra Taheri

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 163-186

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.163

Abstract
  This article focuses on the notions of panopticism and post-panopticism in Mohsin Hamid’s Exit West (2017) through the perspective of left thinkers. Using Foucault’s and Lyon’s views, the writer tries to discuss how the exit of the migrants from the panoptic, disciplinary communities ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
8. A Voyage to the Fragmented Borders of Self and the Merging Boundaries of Identity in Margaret Atwood's Surfacing
Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 187-204

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.187

Abstract
  The purpose of this paper is to analyze the merging boundaries of “Self” in Margaret Atwood's Surfacing, a novel written in 1972. Atwood explores the inner conflict of the protagonist and pursues the gender roles and discriminations towards women. The narrator is suppressed in the wilderness, ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
9. Colored Subjectivities: Self, Mind, and Body in Sam Selvon’s The Lonely Londoners

Farzad Kolahjooei

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 205-228

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.205

Abstract
  This paper depicts the lived experience of the black characters in Sam Selvon’s The Lonely Londoners with regard to the concepts of self, mind, and body. Reading Selvon in the light of Fanonian concept of epidermalization and Freudian notion of melancholia, the current research argues that the ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
10. The Transition from Panoptical Discourse to Dromological Discourse

Ehsaneh Eshaghi; Reza Najafzadeh

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 229-246

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.229

Abstract
  The decentered subjectivity which is studied by Paul Virilio is the result of modernity and humans' alienation from himself and the surrounding. The consequential detachment from the background human history by manifesting the unfolded and shattered human history, along with the humanistic spirit is ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
11. Noir Heterotopias and Spatial Discourse in Raymond Chandler’s The Big Sleep, Farewell, My Lovely and The Long Goodbye

Moein Moradi; Amir Ali Nojoumian

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 247-266

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.247

Abstract
  Using paradoxical spatializations, Raymond Chandler challenges the conventional representation of the Southern California region. The coexistence of heterogeneous elements in Chandler’s novels depicts a particular kind of mid-twentieth-century noir genre. These literary spaces, under epistemological ...  Read More

Original Article
12. The Effect of Digital Image Guide on EFL Learners’ Intercultural Communicative Competence

Musa Nushi; Saleh Rahimi; Fatemeh Rahimi

Volume 18, Issue 26 , Summer and Autumn 2021, Pages 267-298

http://dx.doi.org/10.52547/clls.18.26.267

Abstract
  The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of digital image guide, a method of teaching in the field of visual literacy, on improving Iranian EFL learners’ intercultural communicative competence. This study employed quasi-experimental research design with pre-test/post-test control group. ...  Read More

1. جستجوی مکان و خویشتن؛ بررسی داستان گل‌های زوال پاتریک مودیانو از منظر ژئوپوئتیک

Fatemeh Sokout Jahromi; محمدحسین جواری; الله شکر اسداللهی

Volume 17, Issue 24 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 171-187

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.17.24.171

Abstract
  چکیده: ژئوپوئتیک، نظریه‌ی نوظهور نقد ادبی و هنری ست که به اهمیت و نقش مکان در آثار ادبی و هنری می‌پردازد. ژئوپوئتیک رویکردی باز و بینارشته‌ای‌ست. این رویکرد علاوه بر ...  Read More

2. ارزیابی کتاب‌های آموزش زبان از منظر فرهنگ و جایگاه زبان انگلیسی به عنوان زبان بین‌المللی

Sasan Baleghizadeh; سلماز آقازاده

Volume 17, Issue 24 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 121-144

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.17.24.121

Abstract
  در دنیای امـروز که ضرورت دانستن زبان انگلیسی برای انجام تعاملات بین فرهنگی امری غیرقابل انکار است، آموزش و یادگیری زبان انگلیسی باید همـراه بـا درنظر گرفتن ارزش­هـای ...  Read More

3. On the Effect of Hard, Soft, Reciprocal, and Virtual Scaffolding Types on Iranian EFL Learners' Reading Strategy Development

Noushin Asadipiran; shahram Afraz; Ayatollah Razmjoo

Volume 17, Issue 24 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 63-99

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.17.24.63

Abstract
  The present study was designed following a scaffolding principle of sociocultural theory (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976) with an attempt to investigate the role of the four scaffolding techniques, namely Hard, Soft (Saye & Brush, 2002), Reciprocal (Holton & Clarke, 2006), and Virtual (Yelland ...  Read More

4. Examining the Concept of “Cosmopsis,” through a Pyrrhonist Approach in The End of the Road by John Barth

Bahman Zarrinjooee; Seyed Vahid Abtahi

Volume 17, Issue 24 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 15-38

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.17.24.15

Abstract
  John Barth, among postmodern American novelists, is apt to be called the reviver of Pyrrhonist tradition in the Twentieth century. In his creation of Pyrrhonist characters, he criticizes the American value system and the empty life of contemporary man in a broad sense. The End of the Road, Barth’s ...  Read More

5. Abjection, the Abject, and the Formation of Masculine Identity in Shakespeare’s Hamlet: A Kristevan Perspective

Rakhshandeh Nabizadeh-Nodehi; Shideh Ahmadzadeh Heravi

Volume 17, Issue 24 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 307-326

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.17.24.307

Abstract
  Abstract In Shakespeare’s portrayal of madness, mind and body are not considered as binary opposites; on the contrary, they appear to be closely intertwined. A number of the most memorable characters in Shakespeare’s dramatic works suffer from mental disorders. A study of these characters’ ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
1. The Objects of Return: Architectonics of Postmemory in Anne Enright's The Gathering

Shahriyar Mansouri; Hadi Shahi Gharehaghaji

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 22 June 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.2021.220835.1010

Abstract
  This part is to investigate Anne Enright's novel The Gathering in the light of postmemory. I argue that The Gathering is a post-mnemonic text in which not only postmemory is used by the narrator to preserve the past but also to reveal the post-mnemonic truth or untruth and this apocalyptic revelation ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
2. The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka ; a metaphor of a social reality

Saba Kazemian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 August 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.2021.222554.1043

Abstract
  Metamorphosis, the most prominent work of Kafka (1833 – 1924), is one of the most controversial contemporary stories in 20th century Europe. After its publication in 1915, the story was the subject of debate for critics, and it was discussed from many perspectives. It narrates an imaginary event ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
3. Comparative Application of Lukács’ Concept of Class Consciousness in Houshang Golshiri's "The Conquest of Moghan" and Herman Melville's "The Story of Wall Street"

abdolbaghi rezaei talarposhti; Behzad Pourgharib

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 August 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.2021.222544.1044

Abstract
  From philosophy and politics to literary criticism, György Lukács paved the ground for the notion of "class consciousness."In the realm of comprehending the idea of "consciousness," there are genuine and false genres, making it impossible to grasp it precisely. However, ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
4. One should Tell the Unvarnished Truth: Meta-historical Romance in Wrinkle’s Wash

Zahra Taheri

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 August 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.2021.217570.0

Abstract
  This article focuses on the notions of postmodern sublime and its relation to meta-historical novels in Margaret Wrinkle’s prize-winning novel, Wash (2013), through the perspective of left thinkers. Using Lyotard, Hutcheon and Deleuze’s views, the writer tries to discuss how the American ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
5. Semiotic Study of the Subject of Transcendence

Nematollah Iranzadeh; Hamid Reza Shairi; Nasir Ahmad Arian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 August 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.2021.221687.1029

Abstract
  This study examines the process of transcendental movement of the existential subject in the novel “The coin that Suleiman found” based on the existential semiotics approach Eero Tarasti and Shaieri. In existential semiotics, the subject is an actor who is constantly passing between Dasein ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
6. Streaks of Pragmatic Moral Imagination in Post-postmodern Fiction: A Study of Deweyan Philosophy in Dave Eggers’ Heroes of the Frontiers

Fatemeh Esmaeili; Narges Montakhabi Bakhtvar

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 August 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.2021.221906.1035

Abstract
  Although a number of theorists, critics, and philosophers have acknowledged the recent ethical turn in the novel and literary criticism since the last two decades, the quiddity of illustrated morality remains vague and needs further research. Thus, the present article endeavors to evaluate the new moral ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
7. Migration, alienation or hybridity, The comparative study of The Enigma of the Return and The Gloppy Land

Dominique Carnoy-Torabi; Marzieh Khazaei

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 August 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.2021.222087.1039

Abstract
  Thanks to migration and mass media such as television and cyberspace, we live in a transnational and transcultural world where cultural and identity signifiers constantly come into contact and are interwoven. The offshoot is the formation of a new culture and identity no longer rooted in one land and ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
8. Bypassing the horror of death by the use of feminine writing: a study of The Balcony by Genet

bahare saghazade; Bahman Namvar Motlagh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 24 September 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.2021.223350.1054

Abstract
  The present study tries to investigate "femininity" and its relation to "death" in The Balcony by Jean Genet, with the help of Julia Kristeva and Maurice Blanchot’s views. These two concepts have always been abjected as "other" in the history of Western phallogocentrique ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
9. Simultanéité de la Métamorphose et de la Modernité; Lecture jungienne de »Les Racines du ciel« de Romain Gary

Zahra Noroozi; Jafar Jahangir Mirzahessabi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 28 September 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.2021.223029.1046

Abstract
  Le présent article est le résultat d'une étude du roman de Romain Gary, Les racines du ciel (1956), qui vise à fournir une critique psychologique de la simultanéité de la Métamorphose et de la Modernité du point de vue de Carl Gustav Jung. ...  Read More

علمی - پژوهشی
10. Problems of the Iranian German learners with learning the German language as a foreign language. An error-analytical examination of the German vocabulary of the Iranian German learners at level B of the CEFR

Sima Moghtader; Seyed Saied Firuzabadi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 07 October 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/clls.2021.223465.1058

Abstract
  The importance of words in speech and writing is so much so that in the absence of words, it would be impossible to talk, converse or communicate with others. At the same time, not every word will create or maintain a connection. Improper and misleading use of words may even lead to a loss of verbal ...  Read More

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